U.S. Open Golf Tournament Fast Facts

Willie Grace | 11/11/2014, 7:08 p.m. | Updated on 11/11/2014, 7:08 p.m.
Here's a look at what you need to know about the U.S. Open Golf Tournament.

(CNN) -- Here's a look at what you need to know about the U.S. Open Golf Tournament.

About: The U.S. Open is one of the four Grand Slam golf tournaments; the others are the Masters, the PGA Championship and the British Open.

June 15-21, 2015 - Chambers Bay in Washington State will host the 115th U.S. Open golf tournament.

June 12-15, 2014 - The 114th U.S. Open takes place at the Pinehurst Resort & Country Club in Pinehurst, North Carolina. Martin Kaymer of Germany wins, earning his second major title.

The U.S. Open is open to any professional or amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.

There are 156 players in the U.S. Open. The field is comprised of place-winners in the Sectional Qualifying Rounds and those exempt from the qualifying rounds.

U.S. Open History: October 4, 1895 - The first U.S. Open Championship takes place at the Newport (R.I.) Gold and Country Club's nine-hole course.

Ten professionals and one amateur play in the tournament.

Horace Rawlins, a course assistant, wins the tournament. He wins $150.

John Goodman is the last amateur to win the Open, in 1933.

1954 - The Open is first televised nationally.

June 12, 2012 - 14-year-old Andy Zhang, of China, becomes the youngest competitor in the U.S. Open's history.

2014 - 10,127 golfers enter to qualify for the U.S. Open, the most in history.

U.S. Open Records: Most wins - Four golfers have won the U.S. Open four times: Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus.

Youngest Winner - John J. McDermott is the youngest player to win the U.S. Open at 19 years, 10 months in 1911.

Oldest winner - Hale Irwin is the oldest player to win the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990.

Biggest comeback, final round - Arnold Palmer has the greatest comeback in U.S. Open final round history - he came back from 7 strokes down in the final round to win the U.S. Open in 1960.

Largest margin win - Tiger Woods won the U.S. Open by the largest margin ever in 2000 - 15 strokes.

Most strokes on one hole - Ray Ainsley, who played in the 1938 U.S. Open, holds the record for highest score on one hole - 19 strokes on a par 4.

Five golfers have won all four majors (British Open, U.S. Open, Masters and PGA Championship), though none have done it in the same year: Gene Sarazen, Ben Hogan, Gary Player, Jack Nicklaus, and Tiger Woods.

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