Lung cancer screening decision aid delivered through tobacco quitlines improves informed decision-making

Tobacco quitlines provide an effective avenue to reach people eligible for lung cancer screening

Style Magazine Newswire | 1/31/2020, 1:06 p.m.

By the six-month follow up, approximately 30% of participants in both groups had scheduled a lung cancer screening; the difference in screening rates between groups was not statistically significant. Nationally, about 6% of people at risk for lung cancer due to smoking undergo screening, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Based on the study results, funding was received to begin implementing the model nationally by training quitline staff to identify callers who are eligible for screening and provide them with the decision aid.

“We’ve demonstrated that this is a very effective way to identify people at risk for lung cancer,” Volk said. “There’s potential to reach thousands of people who are eligible for screening and already addressing their risk for lung cancer by seeking cessation services.”

Limitations of the study included screening behaviors based on self-report. Quitline callers had to express interest in lung cancer screening when asked by quitline staff in order to participate in the study.

MD Anderson co-authors include: Lisa M. Lowenstein, Ph.D., Viola B. Leal, Kamisha H. Escoto, Ph.D., Scott B. Cantor, Ph.D., Paul M. Cinciripini, Ph.D., Heather Lin, Ph.D., Myrna C. Godoy, M.D., Ph.D. and Therese B. Bevers, M.D.

The study was supported by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (CER-1306-03385), the National Institutes of Health (P30CAO16672) and the Duncan Family Institute for Cancer Prevention and Risk Assessment. A full list of collaborating authors and their disclosures can be found in the paper.